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ASP.NET vs. PHP: Which Framework Suits Your Project?

ASP.NET vs. PHP: Which Framework Suits Your Project?
blog-author Nitin 20+ Years of Exp. Delivery Head
Richa Richa Technical Writer

PHP- 20% & ASP.NET- 12.78% is used by worldwide developers in 2022.

Recently, there has been discussion over how these two compare. Large web-based applications employ either or both of these languages. Successful companies, including Google, Facebook, and Twitter, also utilize these languages.

To assist you in deciding which is the best choice for you, we’ll compare ASP.NET vs PHP today across every applicable factor.

When it comes to programming languages, many can assist developers in successfully completing their web development tasks. However, each programming language has advantages, features, and disadvantages of its own. Therefore, picking the appropriate programming languages requires careful consideration by developers.

The two names that have gained the most traction among the various alternatives are PHP and ASP.NET. Simply put, these two technologies are the most widely used for web development.

Developers have been fascinated by the PHP vs ASP.NET conflict for years. Popular technologies for creating dynamic web apps include PHP and ASP.NET. Each technology has its own advantages and supports various software project kinds.

A quick introduction of ASP.NET and PHP


Type Framework Open-source with various frameworks.
Ecosystem  Microsoft-centric; integrates with .NET.  Open-source with various frameworks. 
Platform Historically Windows-dependent. Cross-platform, works on various servers.
Performance Faster and more scalable. Performance can vary
Community Smaller community but strong enterprise support. Large, active, and diverse community.
Cost Licensing costs for some features. Open-source and free.
Learning Curve Steeper learning curve Easier for beginners
Security Strong built-in security features. Requires careful management for security.
Use Cases Enterprise applications, Windows environments. Diverse range of web applications.

ASP.NET is a framework created by Microsoft for creating dynamic online programs, whereas PHP is a server-side scripting language used for web development.

Learn the top features of the latest ASP.NET 7 version.

However, the fact that Microsoft supports ASP.NET and is strongly integrated into the Microsoft ecosystem may be the most significant distinction.

When combined with other Microsoft technologies, PHP, on the other hand, does not have the same level of integration and may be less dependable.

Prior to learning more about how these two languages differ, it is essential to have a fundamental understanding of the two technologies.

So, Let’s dive into the basics!

Overview of ASP.NET

Overview of ASP.NET

Microsoft developed the open-source, server-side ASP.NET framework to create dynamic webpages, web applications, and services. ASP stands for Active Server Pages Network Enabled Technologies.

As per leading custom web application development companies, this framework offers a programming methodology, software tools, and services to create reliable web applications for desktop computers and mobile devices. It utilizes HTTP commands and policies and operates on top of the HTTP protocol. ASP.NET application codes can be written in various programming languages such as JavaScript, C#, Visual Basic, etc.

When you hire ASP.NET developers, they can build scalable and accessible online apps on any specific platform or device, as this is based on the .NET framework. The CLR (Common Language Runtime) is a component of ASP.NET since it enables programmers to create ASP code in any.NET language.

Because of its reliability and effectiveness, ASP.NET is a superb option for enterprise-level applications. Numerous features of the framework ease down the web development.

Must Know Features of ASP.NET

Must Know Features of ASP.NET

Web developers frequently choose ASP.NET because of its numerous benefits. Here are the essential features of ASP.NET:

  • Rich Development Environment

ASP.NET provides a wide range of built-in controls like text boxes, buttons, and data grids, making it easier to create interactive and data-driven web applications. Moreover, this framework seamlessly integrates with Microsoft Visual Studio, a powerful IDE that provides extensive development tools and debugging capabilities.

  • Supports for Web Sockets

Client-server applications that communicate with one another are created using sockets. For example, client-server web applications can be made using normal socket programming. These are in charge of the browser’s two-way communication.

  • Framework for MVC & Web Services

Dedicated developers used Model-View-Controller (MVC) frameworks to build web apps prior to the release of ASP.NET Core. ASP.NET Core’s incorporation of MVC and Web API has made the development process simpler. ASP.NET supports SOAP and REST protocols for developing and using web services.

  • Action Filters

It is one of the biggest features of ASP.NET. These filters produce any custom logic we might want to put in our application, such as error handling, authorization, caching, etc. There is built-in logic that will be executed both before and after the controller’s operation. This logic is put into practice using action filters.

  • Localization & Globalization

Language, date and time format, number system, and currency differ for regions or countries. Globalization is supported by ASP.NET so that users or clients from other nations can comprehend and use this application.

  • Vast Community & Documentation

ASP.NET has a vast and active community with extensive documentation and online resources, making it easy for developers to find solutions to their problems.

Explore how to convert .NET Framework to .NET Core in simple steps.

Overview of PHP

Overview of PHP

PHP is an excellent open-source scripting language for web development (Hypertext Preprocessor). It is one of the best programming languages for developers to create outstanding websites, web applications, etc.

PHP is a scripting language used on servers. HTML code must contain PHP code inserted within it. This programming language is capable of a wide range of tasks, including processing files, handling forms to gather data, and sending emails. Additionally, it supports HTTP cookies for tracking.

When you outsource PHP development, skilled PHP development teams develop robust Content Management Systems (CMS) and e-commerce websites. Additionally, they are simple to integrate with databases like MySQL. Some CMSs that are built on PHP include Joomla, WordPress, and Drupal.

The language is also quite adaptable and works with a variety of databases. It is suited for various web development tasks because of these qualities. In addition, many tools, libraries, and frameworks are available to assist you in hastening the development process.

Amazing Features of PHP

Amazing Features of PHP

PHP is known for its simplicity, versatility, and extensive community support. Let’s explore some of the key features of PHP.

  • Interpreted Language

Since PHP is an interpreted language, compilation is not required. An interpreter reads and executes a program line by line. The code becomes platform-independent since interpreters run source code directly.

  • Server-Side Scripting

PHP is primarily used for server-side scripting. This means that PHP code is executed on the web server, generating dynamic web content before it’s sent to the client’s browser. This is in contrast to client-side scripting languages like JavaScript.

  • Embeddable

PHP can be easily embedded within HTML code, allowing developers to seamlessly mix dynamic and static content. PHP code is enclosed in <?php … ?> tags, making it straightforward to include in HTML.

  • Database Support

PHP supports a wide range of databases, including SQLite, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Microsoft SQL Server. It makes database integration in web applications straightforward.

  • Real-Time Communication

PHP can be used for real-time communication through WebSocket libraries, enabling the development of chat applications and collaborative tools.

ASP.NET VS PHP: Head-to-Head Comparision

ASP.NET VS PHP: Head-to-Head Comparision

ASP.NET and PHP are popular web development technologies, but they have different characteristics, use cases, and ecosystems. Here’s a head-to-head comparison of PHP vs ASP.NET on various parameters.

  • Market Share & Popularity

Market Share & Popularity

The most popular programming language is PHP, which has a 73% market share, whereas ASP.NET has a 23% market share (source: BuiltWith). PHP’s market share in the top 100K websites is 58%, while it is 52% in the top 10,000 websites.

Website usage data for these technologies:

Website usage data for these technologies:

Furthermore, according to the w3tech report, look at the number of websites using PHP vs ASP.NET technologies.

Furthermore, according to the w3tech report, look at the number of websites using PHP vs ASP.NET technologies.

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Let’s check out the market position of PHP vs ASP.NET in terms of popularity and traffic compared to the most popular server-side programming languages.

Let’s check out the market position of PHP vs ASP.NET in terms of popularity and traffic compared to the most popular server-side programming languages.
Image source

According to SimilarTech report:

According to SimilarTech report:
Image source

Let’s see PHP VS ASP.NET, which is more trending on Google.

Let’s see PHP VS ASP.NET, which is more trending on Google.

Image Source

Let’s see PHP VS ASP.NET, which is more trending on Google.

Let’s see PHP VS ASP.NET, which is more trending on Google.

Image Source

  • Speed & Performance

Speed & Performance

Speed is a very important component in the development process. The coding language you select also dramatically affects how well a website performs. You might find it interesting to know that a narrow line separates the performance of ASP.NET websites and PHP-compatible websites, making comparisons difficult.

Ultimately, the speed of a web application developed in ASP.NET vs PHP depends on various factors, including the application’s architecture, coding practices, hardware, and the specific use case. Both technologies can deliver fast and responsive web applications when optimized effectively.

As an interpreted language, PHP may perform slightly slower than ASP.NET, which can be compiled into native code. However, this performance gap can be minimized with caching mechanisms like OpCache, efficient coding practices, and the use of high-performance PHP frameworks like Laravel.

Find best practices to optimize performance in .NET or ASP.NET applications.

ASP.NET, on the other hand, is known for its high performance, especially ASP.NET Core. It benefits from Just-in-Time (JIT) compilation and native integration with the Windows ecosystem. This makes it exceptionally fast and efficient, particularly for enterprise-level applications and high-traffic websites.

  • Learning Curve

Learning Curve

There is no simple solution to learning a programming language. Although ASP.NET and PHP are both quite challenging to master, anyone can become proficient in either technology with enough time and effort.

The learning curve for PHP vs ASP.NET can vary depending on your prior experience and the specific framework or version with which web developers work.

PHP is often considered a relatively gentle learning curve, especially for beginners. It’s a straightforward scripting language, and abundant online resources and tutorials are available. PHP’s simplicity can make it easy to grasp the basics quickly, making it accessible for new developers.

However, ASP.NET does demand a higher level of technical knowledge than PHP. Starting from the beginning, it will probably take you a little longer to master ASP.NET than PHP, but the effort will be worthwhile.

  • Security


The ASP.NET and PHP frameworks have a number of differences in terms of security aspects. However, both systems offer robust security features that are most beneficial for web development. For example, ASP.NET frequently has built-in security features, such as SQL injection, which will automatically ensure that the developers can create the programs effectively and safely. There are only a few third-party tools that can be used, though, when it comes to PHP.

Selecting the .NET framework when deciding between PHP vs ASP.NET based on security is advised. ASP.NET contains several features that help shield your data from unauthorized access and has been built from the ground up with security in mind. Even banking software can be developed with ASP.NET.

Although PHP doesn’t have as many built-in security measures as other programming languages, security can be increased by some third-party solutions.

  • Platform Dependency

Platform Dependency

PHP is platform-agnostic, capable of running on various operating systems like Windows, Linux, and macOS. This flexibility allows PHP developers to choose their preferred hosting environment.

In contrast, ASP.NET (prior to ASP.NET Core) was closely tied to the Windows operating system and Microsoft’s Internet Information Services (IIS) web server. This platform dependency restricted its use to Windows servers.

However, ASP.NET Core, the newer version, was designed to be cross-platform. It can run on Windows, Linux, and macOS, providing dedicated software development teams with greater flexibility in choosing their deployment platforms.

  • Program Handling

Program Handling

Another significant distinction between PHP vs ASP.NET is how they approach various programming requirements. As the page is requested, PHP, a scripting language, runs code on the server. It works well for content management systems, dynamic websites, and quick development. But PHP is regarded as a single-threaded language, making it more challenging to employ for complex projects.

The ASP.NET framework, on the other hand, supports parallel programming. Consequently, this framework makes it simple to run vast amounts of code. This is one of the key arguments favoring ASP.NET as a superior programming language for handling massive web-based applications and service pages.

  • Database Support

Database Support

ASP.NET vs PHP both provide robust database support but differ in their approaches. PHP has extensive database connectivity options, with widely used libraries like PDO and MySQLi supporting various databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, and SQLite. It’s known for its flexibility and compatibility with relational and NoSQL databases.

One such example is WordPress. MySQL and PHP programming are simple ways to improve the CMS. Many of our favorite bloggers operate tens of thousands of blogs daily in this way.

ASP.NET offers ADO.NET for database access, allowing seamless integration with Microsoft SQL Server, making it an excellent choice for Windows-centric applications. However, ASP.NET Core, which is cross-platform, supports multiple databases and ORMs (Object-Relational Mapping) like Entity Framework Core, enhancing database versatility.

Thus, considering database support, the choice ultimately depends on your project’s specific needs, with PHP being more platform-agnostic and ASP.NET offering deep integration with Microsoft technologies.

  • Flexibility


When completing a software development project, dedicated developers seek flexibility. When ASP.NET vs PHP are compared, ASP.NET offers less flexibility.

Due to its open-source and scripting nature, PHP is very flexible. It can be coupled with different web servers, databases, and platforms and utilized for various web applications. Because of its adaptability, developers can easily adapt PHP to various project requirements and hosting conditions.

Although powerful, ASP.NET is often more organized. It offers a framework that upholds particular architectural trends. With ASP.NET Core, developers have additional flexibility since they can utilize several operating systems, connect to various databases, and select between server-side and client-side rendering.

  • Tools & Editors

Tools & Editors

The dedicated PHP developers leveraging the PHP network can use text editors like NotePad++ and VIM instead of properly developing an integrated development environment (IDE).

Find the top 10 tools for custom .NET development.

Even though PHP writers adore using text editor tools like Notepad++ and Vim, several superior and cost-free software programs like Eclipse exist.

While many IDEs support ASP.NET, Microsoft Visual Studio is required for use. Contrary to PHP, it is not entirely free. However, it has a lot of features.

  • Fixing Issues

Fixing Issues

Error handling is one area where PHP excels when we compare PHP vs ASP.NET. Every time programmers attempt to design a certain web application, there may be some errors, problems, and issues.

When resolving a problem, experts can start out differently by using the PHP web application framework. Regarding ASP.NET, you can identify the root of the problem, but you may also require an expert developer’s assistance in addressing and resolving it.

Although Microsoft provides official support, regular updates, and security patches, while it’s efficient for Windows-centric environments, resolving issues might be costlier due to licensing requirements.

  • Community Support

Community Support

PHP boasts a vast, diverse, and active open-source community. This large community contributes to extensive online documentation, forums, and third-party libraries. PHP developers can find solutions to a wide range of issues quickly due to the popularity of PHP.

Out of ASP.NET vs PHP, ASP.NET have a substantial community, leans towards a more enterprise-oriented user base. Support mainly comes from Microsoft, including official documentation, forums, and enterprise-level support options. The community, though robust, is often more focused on specific, Microsoft-centric issues.

Consequently, ASP.NET may be better suited for large-scale enterprise applications, while PHP offers a broader, more diverse support network for various project types.

  • Cost Comparision

Cost Comparision

Most developers would prefer to have a framework that doesn’t cost much money to use. As a result, when comparing the costs of PHP vs ASP.NET, PHP comes out on top because it is an open-source development framework, while ASP.NET charges a hosting fee.

Although the cost of using ASP.NET, which Microsoft owns, is not enormous, it can turn off developers who are used to using PHP for free.

However, despite the price, ASP.NET developers continue to create websites utilizing the technology. The best way to reduce the cost is outsourcing ASP.NET developers from countries like India, where the hourly rate of developers is lower.

PHP VS ASP.NET: Pros and Cons

Below table highlighting the pros and cons of PHP

Pros of PHP Cons of PHP
PHP is open-source and free to use. PHP can have security vulnerabilities if not managed properly.
Works on various platforms and supports most web servers. PHP has inconsistent function names and parameter order.
It has a vast and active developer community. Earlier PHP versions had limited OOP capabilities.
PHP can be embedded in HTML code, making web development easier. Can be slower than some other languages like C++.
Offers a wide range of pre-built libraries and frameworks. It is dynamically typed, which can lead to unexpected behavior.

Below table highlighting the pros and cons of ASP.NET

Pros of ASP.NET Cons of ASP.NET
It is a robust framework for building dynamic web applications. It can have a steeper learning curve for beginners.
Provides built-in security features, reducing vulnerabilities. Some features require licenses, which can be costly.
Full server-side technology with strong integration with other Microsoft products. May lead to vendor lock-in due to its Microsoft-centric ecosystem
Easily scalable for large, enterprise-level applications. Historically, ASP.NET was closely tied to Windows, limiting platform choices.


PHP VS ASP.NET: Final Verdict

Without a second thought, ASP.NET and PHP are powerful technologies, but one may offer a few advantages over the other. Therefore, every aspiring developer must read this comparison guide before choosing which platform to use.

ASP.NET vs PHP, both technologies have advantages and drawbacks. As a business, you must approach them from a different angle. Additionally, ensure that each requirement is broken down into commercial and technological components.

As a result, it is not prudent to look for a single, definitive answer to the question ASP.NET vs PHP, which one to choose.

As per our 20 years of experience in the web development industry, the ultimate decision is based on the company’s resources, as well as the needs that have been specified, such as scalability, performance speed, security, smooth operation, pleasant aesthetics, support for seamless integration, and cost-effectiveness.

Let’s connect with experts to analyze your project requirements to choose the right fit!

Frequently Asked Questions

ASP.NET VS PHP: Which is easy to outsource?

PHP is generally easier to outsource due to its widespread use and the large pool of available PHP developers worldwide. ASP.NET, being a Microsoft technology, may have a smaller talent pool and is often more specialized. This can make it somewhat more challenging to find skilled ASP.NET developers, particularly in certain regions.

Read our detailed guide to outsource .NET developers in 2023.

What skills to look for in an ASP.NET developer?

When hiring an ASP.NET developer, look for skills in C# and the .NET framework, ASP.NET MVC or Web Forms, proficiency in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, understanding of SQL and databases, knowledge of version control (e.g., Git), and experience with software development best practices and security.

What skills to look for in a PHP developer?

When hiring a PHP developer, look for skills in PHP, MySQL, or other databases, PHP frameworks like Laravel or Symfony, web development technologies (HTML, CSS, JavaScript), version control (e.g., Git), and knowledge of security best practices, as well as problem-solving skills and an understanding of software architecture.

What is the difference between ASP.NET and .NET frameworks?

ASP.NET is specifically designed for web development, while the .NET framework covers a broader range of application types, including Windows desktop, mobile, and web applications.

Read detailed comparison guide on .NET core vs.NET framework.`

ASP .NET vs PHP: Best Use Cases?

ASP.NET is well-suited for large-scale, enterprise-level applications, especially in Windows-centric environments. It’s ideal for projects requiring robust security, scalability, and integration with Microsoft technologies.

PHP is versatile and a top choice for web development of all sizes and types. It excels in open-source environments, offering flexibility, a large community, and cross-platform support, making it suitable for a wide range of web applications.

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